Each child is born with a biologically based temperament. Their individual temperament guides their approach to people, experiences, objects, and events. It remains fairly constant over time (although the intensity of traits can be affected by experience).

By understanding children’s temperament, caregivers can help them express their preferences, desires, and feelings appropriately.

When we consider a child’s temperament, we look at where they stand on the continuum of 9 separate areas.